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Colloquia per il Calcolo Scientifico: Understanding ligand-based modulation of the Hsp90 molecular chaperone dynamics at atomic resolution

ARGOMENTI: Convegni International Area

AVVISO DI SEMINARIO
Il Dr. Giorgio Colombo (Computational Biochemistry Group) dell'Istituto di Chimica del Riconoscimento Molecolare del C.N.R. il giorno 20 ottobre 2008, ore 15:00 in Aula 2, Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche, terra', all'interno del ciclo di seminari del Colloquia per il Calcolo Scientifico, il seminario dal titolo "Understanding ligand-based modulation of the Hsp90 molecular chaperone dynamics at atomic resolution".

-Abstract
Molecular switching and ligandbased modulation of the 90 kilodalton heatshock protein (Hsp90) chaperone activity may ultimately facilitate conformational coupling to the ATPase cycle along with activation and recruitment of the broad range of client proteins. We present an atomic resolution analysis of the Hsp90 Nterminal domain (NTD) binding energy landscape by simulating protein dynamics with a range of binding partners. We show that the activity of the molecular chaperone may be linked to (a) local foldingunfolding transitions and conformational switching of the "active site lid" upon binding and (b) differences in the underlying protein dynamics as a function of the binding partner. This study suggests that structural plasticity of the Hsp90 NTD can be exploited by the molecular chaperone machinery to modulate enhanced structural rigidity during ATP binding and increased protein flexibility as a consequence of the inhibitor binding. The present study agrees with the experimental structural data and provides a plausible molecular model for understanding mechanisms of modulation of molecular chaperone activities by binding partners.

Rif. int. A. Sperduti